Journal Papers


  1. Charles Xie, Thomas Higgins, Tracy Holbrook, & Scott Donnelly, Using Technology to Enhance Science Labs in Two-Year Colleges, Journal of College Science Teaching (in preparation)
  2. Juan Zheng, Shiyi Liu, Shan Li, & Charles Xie, Exploring the Integration of Artificial Intelligence in Engineering Design: Student Perceptions and Learning Experiences, Journal of Research on Technology in Education, submitted in 2024 (under review)
  3. Juan Zheng, Gaoxia Zhu, Shiyi Liu, & Charles Xie, Socio-scientific Reasoning in Interdisciplinary STEM Project-based Learning: Impacts on Students’ Design Knowledge, Confidence, and Experience, Journal of Science Education and Technology, submitted in 2024 (under review)
  4. Juan Zheng, Jiayan Zhu, Shan Li, Thomas Hammond, Rundong Jiang, & Charles Xie, Acceptance of Artificial Intelligence in Engineering Design: Refining and Integrating Self-Efficacy in the Technology Acceptance Model, Education and Information Technologies, submitted in 2024 (under review)
  5. Hanxiang Du, Gaoxia Zhu, Wanli Xing, & Charles Xie, What Distinguishes Students’ Engineering Design Performance: Design Behaviors, Design Iterations and Application of Science Concepts, Journal of Science Education and Technology, submitted in 2023 (under review)
  6. Hengtao Tang, Shiyan Jiang, & Charles Xie, Solarizing Your School: Engineering Design in Students’ Authentic Epistemic Practices of Adopting Renewable Energy, Journal of Science Education and Technology, submitted in 2023 (under revision)
  7. Shannon Sung, Xiaotong Ding, Rundong Jiang, Elena Sereiviene, Dylan Bulseco, & Charles Xie, Using Artificial Intelligence Teaching Assistants to Guide Students in Solar Energy Engineering Design, Journal of Geoscience Education, submitted in 2022 (under revision)
  8. Derrick Hylton, Shannon Sung, & Mary Van Vleet , Towards the Assessment of Computational Thinking in STEM for Broadening Participation, Journal of STEM Leadership and Broadening Participation, submitted in 2023 (under revision)
  9. Elena Sereiviene, Xiaotong Ding, Rundong Jiang, Dylan Bulseco, & Charles Xie, Learning Science and Engineering by Designing Sustainable Houses, The Science Teacher, submitted in 2023 (accepted)
  10. Elena Sereiviene, Rundong Jiang, Juan Zheng, Andriy Kashyrskyy, Xiaotong Ding, Dylan Bulseco, & Charles Xie, Introducing Engineering Design to First-Year Students Through the Net Zero Energy Challenge, Journal of College Science Teaching, submitted in 2023 (accepted)
  11. Juan Zheng, Zilong Pan, Shan Li, & Charles Xie, Modeling Temporal Self-Regulatory Processing in STEM Learning of Engineering Design, Educational Technology & Society, 27(4), 20-33, 2024


  1. Rundong Jiang, Xiaotong Ding, & Charles Xie, Solarize Your World: Addressing Climate Change Through Renewable Energy Engineering, The Physics Teacher, 61(8), 694–698, 2023
  2. Xingang Li, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, Design Representation for Performance Evaluation of 3D Shapes in Structure-Aware Generative Design, Design Science, 2023
  3. Charles Xie, Xiaotong Ding, & Rundong Jiang, Using Computer Graphics to Make Science Visible in Engineering Education, IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 43(5), 99-106, 2023
  4. Charles Xie, Beyond Solar Cookers: Modeling and Designing Concentrated Solar Power as Engineering Projects in Physics Classrooms, The Physics Teacher, 61(6), 447–452, 2023
  5. Bo Pei, Wanli Xing, Gaoxia Zhu, Kristine Antonyan, & Charles Xie, Integrating Infrared Technologies in Science Learning: An Evidence-based Reasoning Perspective, Education and Information Technologies, 28(7), 8423–8443, 2023
  6. Carol Kim, Lorie W. Staver, Xuan Chen, Ashley Bulseco, Jeffrey C. Cornwell, & Sairah Y. Malkin , Microbial Community Succession Along a Chronosequence in Constructed Salt Marsh Soils, Microbial Ecology, 85(3), 931–950, 2023
  7. Wanli Xing, Xudong Huang, Chenglu Li, & Charles Xie, Teaching Thermodynamics with Augmented Interactions and Learning Analytics, Computers & Education, 104726, 2023
  8. Shiyan Jiang, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Learning Analytics for Assessing Hands-On Laboratory Skills in Science Classrooms Using Bayesian Network Analysis, Research in Science Education, 53(2), 425–444, 2023


  1. Rundong Jiang, Chenglu Li, Xiaotong Ding, Shannon Sung, Dylan Bulseco, & Charles Xie, A New Type of Interactive Video for Physics Education, The Physics Teacher, 60(8), 656-659, 2022
  2. Shiyan Jiang, Cansu Tatar, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Augmented Reality in Science Laboratories: Investigating High School Students’ Navigation Patterns and Their Effects on Learning Performance, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 60(3), 777–803, 2022
  3. Fu-Yun Yu & Shannon Sung, Factors Influencing Peer Referencing Behavior during an Online Learning Activity, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 39(12), 3853–3878, 2022
  4. Xingang Li, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, A Predictive and Generative Design Approach for 3D Mesh Shapes Using Target-Embedding Variational Autoencoder, Journal of Mechanical Design, 144(11): 114501, 2022
  5. Senay Purzer, Corey Schimpf, Jenny Quintana-Cifuentes, Elena Sereiviene, Indraneel Lingam, & Rundong Jiang, Refine By Design: An Engineering Design Coaching Tool for Supporting Student Reasoning, The Science Teacher, 89(6), 34-39, 2022
  6. Shannon Sung, Rundong Jiang, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Panels v. Trees: Broadening the Pathways of Engineering Education through Integration with Social Studies, Science Scope, 45(6), 24-33, 2022
  7. Rundong Jiang, Xiaotong Ding, Shannon Sung, Ashley Bulseco, & Charles Xie, Data-Driven Science Vlogging for Connected Learning Anywhere, Connected Science Learning, 4(2), 2022
  8. Shan Li, Juan Zheng, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Self-Regulated Learning as a Complex Dynamical System: Examining Students’ STEM Learning in a Simulation Environment, Learning and Individual Differences, 95, 102144, 2022
  9. Charles Xie, Chenglu Li, Shannon Sung, & Rundong Jiang, Engaging Students in Distance Learning of Science with Remote Labs 2.0, IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 15(1), 15-31, 2022
  10. Jasmine Singh, Viranga Perera, Alejandra J. Magana, Brittany Newell, Jin Wei-Kocsis, Ying Ying Seah, Greg J. Strimel, & Charles Xie, Using Machine Learning to Predict Engineering Technology Students' Success with Computer Aided Design, Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 30(3), 852-862, 2022


  1. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Enhancing Distance Learning of Science—Impacts of Remote Labs 2.0 on Students' Behavioural and Cognitive Engagement, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 37(6), 1606-1621, 2021
  2. Charles Xie, Chenglu Li, Xiaotong Ding, Rundong Jiang, & Shannon Sung, Chemistry on the Cloud: From Wet Labs to Web Labs, Journal of Chemical Education, 98(9), 2840–2847, 2021
  3. Rundong Jiang, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Remote Labs 2.0 to the Rescue: Doing Science in a Pandemic, The Science Teacher, 88(6), 63-71, 2021
  4. Alejandra Magana, Jennifer Chiu, Ying-Ying Seah, James Bywater, Corey Schimpf, Tugba Karabiyik, Sanjay Rebello, & Charles Xie, Classroom Orchestration of Computer Simulations for Science and Engineering Learning: A Cross-Case Study Approach, International Journal of Science Education, 43(7), 1140-1171, 2021
  5. Gaoxia Zhu, Yifang Zeng, Wanli Xing, Hanxiang Du, & Charles Xie, Reciprocal Relations between Students' Evaluation, Reformulation Behaviors and Engineering Design Performance Over Time, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 30(5), 595–607, 2021
  6. Molla H. Rahman, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, Predicting Sequential Design Decisions Using the Function-Behavior-Structure Design Process Model and Recurrent Neural Networks, Journal of Mechanical Design, 143(8), 081706, 2021
  7. Shanina Sanders Johnson, Leyte Winfield, & Shannon Sung, Integrating iSpartan into a Classic Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiment, Journal of Chemical Education, 98(3), 982–985, 2021
  8. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Guanhua Chen, Xudong Huang, Charles Xie, Joyce Massicotte, & Ji Shen, How does Augmented Observation Facilitate Multimodal Representational Thinking? Applying Deep Learning to Decode Complex Student Construct, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 30(2), 210–226, 2021


  1. Shan Li, Hanxiang Du, Wanli Xing, Juan Zheng, Guanhua Chen, & Charles Xie, Examining Temporal Dynamics of Self-Regulated Learning Behaviors in STEM Learning: A Network Approach, Computers & Education, 158, 103987, 2020