Journal Papers


  1. Bo Pei, Wanli Xing, Gaoxia Zhu, Kristine Antonyan, & Charles Xie, Integrating Infrared Technologies in Science Learning: An Evidence-based Reasoning Perspective, Education and Information Technologies, submitted in 2022 (under review)
  2. Charles Xie, Beyond Solar Cookers: Modeling and Designing Concentrated Solar Power as Engineering Projects in Physics Classrooms, The Physics Teacher, submitted in 2022 (under review)
  3. Shannon Sung, Rundong Jiang, Xiaotong Ding, & Charles Xie, Making Sense of Big Data in Cloud Labs — How Students Identify Patterns via Data Analysis, Interactive Learning Environments, submitted in 2021 (under review)
  4. Wanli Xing, Xudong Huang, Chenglu Li, & Charles Xie, Teaching Thermodynamics with Augmented Interactions and Learning Analytics, Journal of Science Education and Technology, submitted in 2021 (under review)
  5. John Z. Clay, Xingang Li, Molla H. Rahman, Darya L. Zabelina, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, From Design Cognition to Design Success: A Clustering-Based Correlation Analysis, Design Science, submitted in 2022 (under revision)
  6. Shiyan Jiang, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Learning Analytics for Assessing Hands-On Laboratory Skills in Science Classrooms Using Bayesian Network Analysis, Research in Science Education, submitted in 2021 (under revision)
  7. Xingang Li, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, A Predictive and Generative Design Approach for 3D Mesh Shapes Using Target-Embedding Variational Autoencoder, Journal of Mechanical Design, submitted in 2021 (accepted)
  8. Rundong Jiang, Chenglu Li, Xiaotong Ding, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, A New Type of Interactive Video for Physics Education, The Physics Teacher, submitted in 2021 (accepted)
  9. Senay Purzer, Corey Schimpf, Jenny Quintana-Cifuentes, Elena Sereiviene, & Indraneel Lingam, An Engineering Design Review Coaching Tool for Supporting Teacher Noticing and Scaffolding, The Science Teacher, submitted in 2020 (accepted)
  10. Shannon Sung, Rundong Jiang, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Solar Panels v. Trees: Broadening the Pathways of Engineering Education through Integration with Social Studies, Science Scope, submitted in 2020 (accepted)
  11. Rundong Jiang, Xiaotong Ding, Shannon Sung, Ashley Bulseco, & Charles Xie, Data-Driven Science Vlogging for Connected Learning Anywhere, Connected Science Learning, Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2022
  12. Shan Li, Juan Zheng, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Self-Regulated Learning as a Complex Dynamical System: Examining Students’ STEM Learning in a Simulation Environment, Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 95, 102144, 2022
  13. Charles Xie, Chenglu Li, Shannon Sung, & Rundong Jiang, Engaging Students in Distance Learning of Science with Remote Labs 2.0, IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 2022
  14. Jasmine Singh, Viranga Perera, Alejandra J. Magana, Brittany Newell, Jin Wei-Kocsis, Ying Ying Seah, Greg J. Strimel, & Charles Xie, Using Machine Learning to Predict Engineering Technology Students' Success with Computer Aided Design, Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 2022


  1. Shiyan Jiang, Cansu Tatar, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Augmented Reality in Science Laboratories: Investigating High School Students’ Navigation Patterns and Their Effects on Learning Performance, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2021
  2. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Enhancing Distance Learning of Science—Impacts of Remote Labs 2.0 on Students' Behavioural and Cognitive Engagement, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 37(6), 1606-1621, 2021
  3. Charles Xie, Chenglu Li, Xiaotong Ding, Rundong Jiang, & Shannon Sung, Chemistry on the Cloud: From Wet Labs to Web Labs, Journal of Chemical Education, 98(9), 2840–2847, 2021
  4. Rundong Jiang, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Remote Labs 2.0 to the Rescue: Doing Science in a Pandemic, The Science Teacher, 88(6), 63-71, 2021
  5. Alejandra Magana, Jennifer Chiu, Ying-Ying Seah, James Bywater, Corey Schimpf, Tugba Karabiyik, Sanjay Rebello, & Charles Xie, Classroom Orchestration of Computer Simulations for Science and Engineering Learning: A Cross-Case Study Approach, International Journal of Science Education, 43(7), 1140-1171, 2021
  6. Gaoxia Zhu, Yifang Zeng, Wanli Xing, Hanxiang Du, & Charles Xie, Reciprocal Relations between Students' Evaluation, Reformulation Behaviors and Engineering Design Performance Over Time, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 30(5), 595–607, 2021
  7. Molla H. Rahman, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, Predicting Sequential Design Decisions Using the Function-Behavior-Structure Design Process Model and Recurrent Neural Networks, Journal of Mechanical Design, 143(8), 081706, 2021
  8. Shanina Sanders Johnson, Leyte Winfield, & Shannon Sung, Integrating iSpartan into a Classic Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiment, Journal of Chemical Education, 98(3), 982–985, 2021
  9. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Guanhua Chen, Xudong Huang, Charles Xie, Joyce Massicotte, & Ji Shen, How does Augmented Observation Facilitate Multimodal Representational Thinking? Applying Deep Learning to Decode Complex Student Construct, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 30(2), 210–226, 2021


  1. Shan Li, Hanxiang Du, Wanli Xing, Juan Zheng, Guanhua Chen, & Charles Xie, Examining Temporal Dynamics of Self-Regulated Learning Behaviors in STEM Learning: A Network Approach, Computers & Education, 158, 103987, 2020