Journal Papers


  1. Shiyan Jiang, Cansu Tatar, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Augmented Reality in Science Laboratories: Investigating High School Students’ Interaction Patterns and Their Effects on Learning Performance, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2021 (under review)
  2. Shiyan Jiang, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, & Charles Xie, Investigating Teachers’ and Students’ Perceptions of Conducting Science Laboratory Experiments Remotely via Telelab, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2021 (under review)
  3. Charles Xie, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Rundong Jiang, Engaging Students in Distance Learning of Science with Remote Labs 2.0, IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 2021 (under review)
  4. Rundong Jiang, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Remote Labs 2.0 to the Rescue: Doing Science in a Pandemic, The Science Teacher, 2021 (under review)
  5. Fu-Yun Yu & Shannon Sung, Factors Influencing Peer Online Citing Behavior during a Student Test-Construction Learning Activity, Technology, Pedagogy, and Education, 2021 (under review)
  6. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Enhancing Distance Learning of Science: Impact of Scalable Remote Laboratories on Students' Behavioral and Cognitive Engagement, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 2021 (under review)
  7. Alejandra Magana, Jennifer Chiu, Ying-Ying Seah, James Bywater, Corey Schimpf, Tugba Karabiyik, Sanjay Rebello, & Charles Xie, Classroom Orchestration of Computer Simulations for Science and Engineering Learning: A Cross-Case Study Approach, International Journal of Science Education, 2021 (under review)
  8. Shannon Sung, Rundong Jiang, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Solar Panels v. Trees: Broadening the Pathways of Engineering Education through Integration with Social Studies, Science Scope, 2021 (accepted)
  9. Gaoxia Zhu, Yifang Zeng, Wanli Xing, Hanxiang Du, & Charles Xie, Reciprocal Relations between Students' Evaluation, Reformulation Behaviors and Engineering Design Performance Over Time, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2021
  10. Molla H. Rahman, Charles Xie, and Zhenghui Sha, Predicting Sequential Design Decisions Using the Function-Behavior-Structure Design Process Model and Recurrent Neural Networks, Journal of Mechanical Design, 2021
  11. Shanina Sanders Johnson, Leyte Winfield, & Shannon Sung, Integrating iSpartan into a Classic Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiment, Journal of Chemical Education, 2021


  1. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Guanhua Chen, Xudong Huang, Charles Xie, Joyce Massicotte, & Ji Shen, How does Augmented Observation Facilitate Multimodal Representational Thinking? Applying Deep Learning to Decode Complex Student Construct, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2020
  2. Shan Li, Hanxiang Du, Wanli Xing, Juan Zheng, Guanhua Chen, & Charles Xie, Examining Temporal Dynamics of Self-Regulated Learning Behaviors in STEM Learning: A Network Approach, Computers & Education, 2020