Journal Papers


  1. Xingang Li, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, Authentic 3D Shape Generation from Sketches Using Target-Embedding Variational Autoencoder, Journal of Mechanical Design, 2021 (under review)
  2. Bo Pei, Wanli Xing, Gaoxia Zhu, Kristine Antonyan, & Charles Xie, Uncovering Students’ Knowledge Construction Process on Heat Radiation Using Infrared Imaging Processing Techniques, Computers & Education, 2021 (under review)
  3. Xingang Li, Charles Xie, & Zhenghui Sha, Performance-Driven Part-Aware 3D Shape Generation Using Deep Generative Model and Locally Linear Embedding, Design Science, 2021 (under review)
  4. Shan Li, Juan Zheng, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Self-Regulated Learning as a Complex Dynamical System: Examining Students’ STEM Learning in a Simulation Environment, British Journal of Educational Technology, 2021 (under review)
  5. Shiyan Jiang, Cansu Tatar, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Augmented Reality in Science Laboratories: Investigating High School Students’ Interaction Patterns and Their Effects on Learning Performance, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2021 (under review)
  6. Shiyan Jiang, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, & Charles Xie, Investigating Teachers’ and Students’ Perceptions of Conducting Science Laboratory Experiments Remotely via Telelab, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2021 (under review)
  7. Charles Xie, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Rundong Jiang, Engaging Students in Distance Learning of Science with Remote Labs 2.0, IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 2021 (under review)
  8. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Enhancing Distance Learning of Science: Impact of Scalable Remote Laboratories on Students' Behavioral and Cognitive Engagement, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 2021 (under review)
  9. Rundong Jiang, Chenglu Li, Xudong Huang, Shannon Sung, & Charles Xie, Remote Labs 2.0 to the Rescue: Doing Science in a Pandemic, The Science Teacher, 2021 (accepted)
  10. Shannon Sung, Rundong Jiang, Xudong Huang, & Charles Xie, Solar Panels v. Trees: Broadening the Pathways of Engineering Education through Integration with Social Studies, Science Scope, 2021 (accepted)
  11. Alejandra Magana, Jennifer Chiu, Ying-Ying Seah, James Bywater, Corey Schimpf, Tugba Karabiyik, Sanjay Rebello, & Charles Xie, Classroom Orchestration of Computer Simulations for Science and Engineering Learning: A Cross-Case Study Approach, International Journal of Science Education, 2021
  12. Gaoxia Zhu, Yifang Zeng, Wanli Xing, Hanxiang Du, & Charles Xie, Reciprocal Relations between Students' Evaluation, Reformulation Behaviors and Engineering Design Performance Over Time, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2021
  13. Molla H. Rahman, Charles Xie, and Zhenghui Sha, Predicting Sequential Design Decisions Using the Function-Behavior-Structure Design Process Model and Recurrent Neural Networks, Journal of Mechanical Design, 2021
  14. Shanina Sanders Johnson, Leyte Winfield, & Shannon Sung, Integrating iSpartan into a Classic Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiment, Journal of Chemical Education, 2021


  1. Shannon Sung, Chenglu Li, Guanhua Chen, Xudong Huang, Charles Xie, Joyce Massicotte, & Ji Shen, How does Augmented Observation Facilitate Multimodal Representational Thinking? Applying Deep Learning to Decode Complex Student Construct, Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2020
  2. Shan Li, Hanxiang Du, Wanli Xing, Juan Zheng, Guanhua Chen, & Charles Xie, Examining Temporal Dynamics of Self-Regulated Learning Behaviors in STEM Learning: A Network Approach, Computers & Education, 2020